Discover Man and Society through Philosophy

There will be 10 classes in this course. For each of them we set a theoretical problem and then offer a few ways of solving it, presented in the works of Russian, Oriental and Western philosophers. We are going to choose pairs of philosophical works representing two respecitve traditions for each problem (Russia-West; Russia-China; West-China) to make the comparative analysis more exact. This all is meant to help students to develop their own way of addressing the problems raised.

Example: We plan to look into the topic "The essence of time and human life: circular and linear history" by addressing China's Yijing and the ideas of a Greek philosopher Heraclitus

  • Human ways of knowing: sensible reality and metaphysical reasoning (West-China)
  • The essence of time and human life: circular and linear history (West-China)
  • The relationship between society and politics: freedom or control (Russia-West)
  • Importance of Ethics: is there any absolute Good or absolute Evil (West-China)
  • Love and hatred: universal love for one another or a fair judgement (Russia-China)
  • The basis of a thriving society: is tradition an obstacle to progress (Russia-West)
  • Can one person change the world: the activist and the hermit (Russia-China)
  • The sense of life: carpe diem or the hope for Paradise (West-China)